16th Virginia Cavalry, CSA - Clifton's Collectibles Genealogy

Confederate States of America

Great Seal of the CSA1st National flag of the CSA Commonwealth of Virginia flagBattleflag of the Army of Northern VirginiaSeal of the Commonwealth of Virgiinia

16th Virginia Cavalry Regiment

Shown below are some of the officers important to the destiny of the 16th Virginia Cavalry.
Brig. Gen. Albert G. Jenkins
Brig. Gen. Albert G. Jenkins
Major General Samuel Jones
Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones
Major General John C. Breckinridge CSA
Maj. Gen. John Breckinridge
Brig. General John McCausland
Brig. Gen. John McCausland
General Robert Edward Lee
General Robert E. Lee

The 16th Cavalry Regiment was formed at Camp Zirkle, near Salem , Virginia , on 15 January, 1863, by consolidating  six companies of Ferguson's (167th) Militia Battalion with four companies of Otis Caldwell's (188th Militia) Battalion.  The unit was assigned to Jenkins' and MacCausland's Brigade and fought in western Virginia, including the conflict at Droop Mountain.  Later it saw action at Gettysburg, returned to western Virginia, then participated in various engagements in the Shenandoah Valley. This regiment had 265 men in action at Gettysburg, and during February, 1864, there were 163 present for duty.  It disbanded in April 1865.  The field officers were Colonel Milton J. Ferguson, Lieutenant Colonel William L. Graham, and Major James H. Nounnan.  As this regiment formed in 1863 from ten companies in two Virginia Militia units, it is a little confusing. We will start by referring the two Militia units as Ferguson's Battalion and Caldwell's Battalion.  
seperator
1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany A originally Stevenson's Company, Ferguson's Battalion was organized 4 August 1862 by Charles B. Stevenson, Captain.  The company was mustered and inspected by Milton J. Ferguson. According to company records, the "last rolls" were captured on June 10, 1964.  This is made of from memory." Records dated 30 November 1864, near "Little"Washington, Virginia. Most of the men in this company were from Russell County.

1st National Flag of the Confederacy
Company B was originally Gent's Company in Caldwell's Battalion, organized 7 August 1862.  In April 1864 the station of the company composed of men mostly from Russell County, near Honakerville. Jacob C. Gent was Captain.

1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany C was initially organized 7 August 1862 as Hankins' Company in Caldwell's Battalion. Captain Jonathan Hankins was in command of this company. The record of this company states, "These rolls are made out of memory. the original rolls being lost at Moorfield in action."  This comment was recorded 31 October 1864, near Milford.  This company was composed mostly of men from Tazewell County.

1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany D was formerly Morris' Company, Ferguson's Battalion. This company, with Captain Morris in command, was organized 15 September 1862  From October 1863 to March `864, the company was stationed at Camp Georgia in Tazewell County. Apparently this was the winter quarters for the regiment. From August to December 18654 it was stationed near Standardsville. Company D had men from at least six different counties as Virginia was composed when the war began, including Putnam and Cabell.

1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany E
initially, Spurlock's Company, Ferguson's Battalion, organized 15 September 1862 at Wyoming Courthouse, Pineville, Virginia (now West Virginia. Colonel James M Corns of the 8th Virginia Cavalry was the mustering officer. Corns had also been an officer in the Virginia Militia from Wayne County and certainly knew Hurston Spurlock and Col. Ferguson..   From October 1863 to March 1864 the company was stationed near Jeffersonville. Company E was stationed near Standardsville, Greene County in November and December 1864. Records state, "The captain (Spurlock) is in the hands of the enemy and the muster roll cannot be found that was used heretofore."Company E was primarily composed of men from Wayne County, (West) Virginia.

1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany F originally, was Taylor's Company, Caldwell's Battalion, organized 5 October 1862, Robert H. Taylor company commanding.  The company was stationed at Camp Georgia from October 1863 to March 1864, was stationed near Luray. Notes in the records state, "The last muster roll, together with all papers and company records  of the Co. were captured by the enemy at Moorfield, Va. on the 7th of Aug. 1864.  This roll is made from memory and is as correct as could be under the circumstances." Signed:"Wm. Bailey, Lieut., commanding  company near Luray, Va., Oct. 31 1864."   Company F is comprised mostly of men from Tazewell County.

1st National Flag of the Confederacy Company G  formerly Parks' Company, Ferguson's Battalion was organized 12 January 1863 with Robert H. Parks as Captain. Record notes indicate company was organized  principally with men transfered from other companies and assigned to the 16th Regiment. From December 1863 50 March 1864 the company was stationed at Camp Georgia in Tazewell County. In November and December 1864 Company G was stationed near Standardsville, Greene County. Most of the men were from Wane County.

1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany H was Milton J. Ferguson's original company in Ferguson's Battalion. The company was organized 15 September 1862, Milton J. Ferguson was Captain, promoted to Colonel and Elisha McKendrick promoted from 1st Lt to Captain.  From August to October 1864 the company was stationed at Milford, Page County.  In November and December of 1864 Company H was stationed near Standardsville in Greene County.  Most of the men in the company were from Wayne County.

1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany I  was formerly Graham's Company in Caldwell's Battalion. The company was originally known as Captain William Perry's Company in Caldwell's Battalion. William Perry organized the company in 1861.  From October 1863 to March 1864 the company was stationed near Jeffersonville. From August to October 1864 Company I was stationed near Standardsville in Greene County.  The records indicate, "2nd Lt. Sam W. Thompson was killed near Frederick County, Maryland 7th July 1864 while discharging his duty. Corp. Jno. Baugh was killed in action at Monocacy Junction 9 July 1864."  Most of the men in this company were from Tazewell County. William Graham was promoted from Captain to Lt. Colonel and William E. Perry was promoted from 1st Lt. to Captain.

1st National Flag of the ConfederacyCompany K was originally known as Nounnan's Company, Ferguson's Battalion. James Nounan was promoted from Captain to Major and Jas. F. Anderson was promoted from 1st Lt. to Captain. Company K was organized 6 October 1862. From August of 1863 to March  of 1864 the company was stationed at Camp Georgia in Tazewell County. In October  0f 1864 it was camped at Milford in Page County. In November and December  1864 the company was stationed  near Standardsville. The recorded notes state, "Orderly Sgt and his roals captured and the four goin roal maid off memry." The company was composed of men from at least eight or ten different counties, according to 16TH VIRGINIA CAVALRY, by Jack Dickinson. Men had been transfered from various companies into Companies I and K in order to meet the requisite number of men in each company.
Enfield

Familial Connections


Name Rank Company Date of Enlistment Place of Enlistment
CS cartridge belt buckle Clifton, Elias Private A 5 August 1862  [ picture ] Lebanon, Russell County
CS cartridge belt buckle Clifton, Irving A. Private A 5 August 1862 Lebanon, Russell County
CS cartridge belt buckle Clifton, John M. Private A 5 August 1862 Lebanon, Russell County

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References:
 UNITS OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES ARMY By Joseph H. Crute, Jr.Derwent Books, Midlotheian, Virginia 1987
16TH VIRGINIA CAVALRY By Jack L. Dickinson H. E. Howard, Inc., Lynchburg, Virginia  1989


Copyright © L. Neale Clifton 1997-2014


27 October 2014