Carolingians-Clifton's Collectibles Genealogy

Fleur-De-Lys_Gaul CharlemagneEarly Carolingian DynastuGerman Eagle


The Pippinide/Arnufling Dynasty Ends 

The Carolingian Dynasty Begins

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The Pippinids or Arnulfings were the members of a family of Frankish nobles whose select progeny served as Mayor of the Palace, in reality rulers of the Frankish kingdoms of Neustria and Austrasia that were nominally ruled by the Merovingians. The dynasty is usually considered to have been founded by Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz in the early seventh century, who wielded a great deal of power and influence in the Merovingian kingdoms.  His son Ansegisel married Saint Begga, the daughter of Pepin of Landen, and their son was Pepin of Heristal. It is from Pepin's grandfathers that the dynasty receives its earlier (pre-Martel) names: Arnulfing or Pippinid (dynasty) .
Information obtained from "The Pippinids or Arnulfings" in Wikipedia
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Pepin II D'Heristal, Mayor of the Palace later, Duke of Austrasia was born about 645 in Heristal, Liege, Belgium. He died 16 December 714 at Jupille on the Junille, Meuse, France. was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia from 680 until his death and of Neustria and Burgundy from 687 to 695.  He was also the first mayor of the palace to "reign" as Duke and Prince of the Franks and he by far overshadowed the Merovingian "rois fainéants".  

Pepin's father was Ansigisen of Austrasia, born about 602 in Austraisia, France and died at Andene Monastery in 685.  Ansigisen's parents were Bishop Arnulf of Metz, also called Arnoul,  born 13 August 582 in Heristal, Liegge, Belgium and died 16 August 640/641, and Oda de Savoy, born about 586 in Old Saxony, Germany and died after 615.  Arnoul and Oda were married about 606.

Ansgisen married Begga (Beggue) of Landen before 634. Begga was born about 613 in Landen, Liege, Belgium and died in 694.  Her parents were Pepin of Landen Austrasia, who was born in 564 in Landen, Liege, Belgium and died in 639 and his wife, Itte of Landen, Liege, Belgium, born about 591 and died 652.  Ansgisen and Begga had three children: Pepin d'Heristal; Martin d'Laon and Clotildad'Heristal, who married Theuderic III of the Franks.
    
Pepin D'Heristal married Plectrude the mother of Drogo of Champagne and Grimoald, both of whom died before their father.  Pepin also had a mistress named Alpaida (or Chalpaida) who bore him two more sons: Charles and Childebrand. Just before Pepin's death, Plectrude convinced him to disinherit his "bastard" sons in favor of his grandson, Theudoald, the son of Grimoald.  For more about Pepin De'Hersital click this link.


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Charles "the Hammer" Martel Mayor of the Palace later, King of the Franks was born about 688 in Heristal, Liege, Belgium. He died 22 October 741 at Quierzy, Aisne, France. He married Rotrude of Austrasia, born about 690 in Moselle, Austraisia, France, daughter of Leutwinus of Treves, born about 665 Austrasia, France.  They had a son, Pepin I of France, born about 714 in Austria. In addition, they had Hiltrud (d. 754), married Odilo I, Duke of Bavaria; Carloman, Mayor of the Palace; Landrade (Landres), married Sigrand, Count of Hesbania; Aldana married Thierry IV, Count of Autun and Toulouse and had a son, William of Gellone..

His second wife was Swanhild of Bavaria They had the following child: Griffon.  Charles Martel also had a mistress, Ruodhaid. They had the following children: Bernard (b. before 732-787); Hieronymus; Remigius, Archbishop of Rouen (d. 771).  For more about Charles "the Hammer" Martel, click this link.



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Carloman Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia was born between 706 and 716 and died 17 July/August 754.  Carloman  had a son, Drogo and a daughter, Rotrude Martel who married Giraid de Paris  He was Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia from 741 until 747 when on 15 August of 747, Carloman renounced his position as Mayor of the Palace, or major domo and withdrew to a monastic life, being tonsured  in Rome by Pope Zachary.  

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Pepin III "the Short" Mayor of the Palace of Neustria, then Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia and Neustria, then Pepin I of France  was born in 714 in Jupille, Austrasia in what is now Belgium., and died on 24 September 768 and is interred in the Saint Denis Basilica with his wife Bertrada, (Bertha) of Laon (720 - July 12, 783). Pepin "the Short" was a son of Charles "the Hammer" Martel and Rotrude of Austraisia, France. Pepin married Bertrada in 740. Bertrada, (Bertha) of Laon'a parents were: Claibert I of Laon, also known as Heribert de Laon, who gained the title, Comte de Laon, born about 690, Laon, Aisne, France  and Bertrada of Laon, born about 695 in Laon, Aisne, France.  They were married in 719. For more about Pepin "the Short" click this link.

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Charles the Great, Charlemagne, King of the Franks, Karl der Grosse, Carolus MagnusKing of the Lombards, also the first Holy Roman Emperor, were some titles possessed by this man.

Marriages and heirs

Charlemagne had twenty children over the course of his life with eight of his ten known wives or concubines. Nevertheless, he only had four legitimate grandsons, the four sons of his third son, Louis. In addition, he had a grandson (Bernard of Italy, only son of his third son, Pippin of Italy), who was born illegitimate but included in the line of inheritance. So, despite twenty children, the claimants to his inheritance were few.

    * His first relationship was with Himiltrude. The nature of this relationship is variously described as concubinage, a legal marriage or as a Friedelehe. Charlemagne put her aside when he married Desiderata. The union with Himiltrude produced two children:
          o Amaudru, a daughter
          o Pippin the Hunchback (circa 769-811)
    * After her, his first wife was Desiderata, daughter of Desiderius, King of the Lombards; married in 770, marriage annulled in 771
    * His second wife was Hildegard (757 or 758-783), married 771, died 783. By her he had nine children:
          o Charles the Younger (ca.772-4 December 811), Duke of Maine, and crowned King of the Franks on 25 December 800
          o Carloman, renamed Pippin (April 773-8 July 810), King of Italy
          o Adalhaid (774), who was born while her parents were on campaign in Italy. She was sent back to Francia, but died before     reaching Lyons
          o Rotrude (or Hruodrud) (775-6 June 810)
          o LouisKing of Aquitaine since 781, crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 813, Emperor from 814
(born778-20- died June 840),.twin brother of Lothair,
          o Lothair (778-6 February 779/780), twin of Louis, he died in infancy
          o Bertha (779-826)
          o Gisela (781-808)
          o Hildegarde (782-783)
    * His third wife was Fastrada, married 784, died 794. By her he had:
          o Theodrada, abbess of Argenteuil,
(born 784)
          o Hiltrude (born 787)
    * His fourth wife was Luitgard, married 794, died childless

 Concubinages and illegitimate children

    * His first known concubine was Gersuinda. By her he had:
          o Adaltrude (born 774)
    * His second known concubine was Madelgard. By her he had:
          o Ruodhaid, abbess of Faremoutiers
(775-810)
    * His third known concubine was Amaltrud of Vienne. By her he had:
          o Alpaida (born 794)
    * His fourth known concubine was Regina. By her he had:
          o Drogo Bishop of Metz from 823 and abbot of Luxeuil Abbey,
(801-855),
          o Hugh , archchancellor of the Empire, (802-844)
    * His fifth known concubine was Ethelind. By her he had:
          o Richbod, Abbott of Saint-Riquier,
(805-844)
          o Theodoric (born 807)

For more about Charlemagne click here


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Louis I the Pious, King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor succeeded his father Charlemagne. Louis, Louis' mother was Hildegarde. He was born at Cassinogilum near Poitiers in  778 and died at Ingelheim on 20 June 840.  Louis was crowned king of Aquitaine as a child in 781 and sent there with regents and a courtHis father had also crownd Louis King of the Franks in 813.  

Louis the Pious had three sons and three daughters by his first wife, Ermengarde of Hesbaye (married ca 794-98):

    * Lothair King of Middle Francia (795–855)
    * Pepin
King of Aquitaine (797–838)
    * Adelaide (b. c. 799)
    * Rotrude (b. 800), married Gerard
    * Hildegard (or Matilda) (b. c. 802), married Gerard, Count of Auvergne
    * Louis the German. 
Kng of East Francia (c. 805–875)

He had a daughter and a son by his second wife, Judith of Bavaria:

    * Gisela, married Eberhard I of Friuli
    * Charles the Bald, King of West Francia

By Theodelinde of Sens, he had two illegitimate children:

    * Arnulf of Sens
    * Alpais

For more about Louis I the Pious click here


More inforamation about this line  forthcoming


Mace2 seperator


Terms
Mayor of the Palace was an early medieval title and office, also called majordomo, from the Latin title maior domus  ("superior of the house"), used most notably in the Frankish kingdoms in the 7th  and 8th centuries.

During the 7th century, the office of Mayor of the Palace developed into the true power behind the throne in Austrasia, the northeastern portion of the Kingdom of the Franks under the Merovingian dynasty. The Major Domo held and wielded the real and effective power to make decisions affecting the Kingdom, while in the mid to late Merovingian period, kings had been reduced to performing merely ceremonial functions, which made them little more than nominal kings or figureheads.

The office became hereditary in the family of the Pepinids with powerful mayors of the palace such as Charles Martel, who proclaimed himself Duke of the Franks, and for the last four years of his reign did not even bother with the façade of a King. After Austrasia and Neustria were reunited in one kingdom, Pepin III — Major Domo since 747 — took the crown of the Merovingians in 751 to establish the line of Carolingian kings. His son Charlemagne assumed even greater power when he was crowned emperor in 800, thus becoming one of the most prominent figures in European history.

Excerpt from "Mayor of the Palace" in Wikipedia


Tonsured = the shaving of the head or of some part of it as a religious practice or rite, especially in preparation for entering the priesthood or a monastic order

Friedelehe
= the term Friedelehe means approximately "lover marriage". The modern German word Friedel is derived from the Old High German friudil, which meant "lover", or "sweetheart";[1] this is in turn derived from frijōn "to love". The OHG friudil was parallel to the Old Norse fridl, frilla, modern Danish and Norwegian frille "lover".   Friedel is compounded with the word Ehe "marriage", from OHG ēha or ēa "marriage", which in turn harks back to the form ēwa, meaning (approximately) cosmic or divine "law". An OHG form *friudilēha is itself apparently not attested, contributing to the controversy about the authenticity of the modern term.. (Information from Wikipedia)

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Copyright © L. Neale Clifton 1997 - 2011

Sources:
Catholic Encyclopedia
Wikipedia
Dictionary.com
thePeerage.com
Ancestry.com


Modified 12 July 2011