Normady-Clifton's Collectibles Genealogy

Normandy

Normandy is named for the Norman/Viking raiders from  Scandinavia. A Viking raider chief, Rollo or Rolf the Ganger was born in 850, at Maer, Nord-Trondelag, Norway, the son of Ragnvald 'the Wise' Eysteinson and his second wife, Hiltrude (Ragnhild) Hrolfsdottir.  In 885 Rollo, among other Viking chieftains, invaded the area of what is now known as France. Rollo or Rolf the Ganger secured an area along the Seine in the 10th century and negotiated the treaty of Saint-Claur-sur-Epte with King Charles the Simple of France. who granted him the duchy in 911 in exchange for feudal allegiance and conversion to Christianity at which he took the baptismal name of Robert in 912. The result gave him and his Norman followers the northern part of France.  But he had kept himself busy, raiding England, Scotland, Flanders and France before he slowed down. Arms of the Dukes of Normandy
 Arms of the Dukes of Normandy

Rollo or Rolf "the Ganger", 1st Duke of Normandy
became the duke in 911 was born circa 850, at Maer, Nord-Trondelag, Norway, the son of Ragnvald 'the Wise' Eysteinson and his second wife, Hiltrude (Ragnhild) Hrolfsdottir.  Rolf married 1st, in 886 to  Poppa de Valois a granddaughter of Seineur Pepin of Peronne, who was a great grandson of Charlemagne.  He  turned over governance to his son, William I Longsword about in 928.

Statue of Rollo in Rouen, France (right)
Statue of Rollo in Ruen, France

William I "Longsword" Duke of Normandy was  born 901 and died 942. He took over from his father in 928.  He was faced with opposition early in his reign. He was married twice, firstly to Sprota (Adela) of Senlis, a daughter of Hubert, Count of Senlis and Vermandois which produced Richard "he Fearless Duke of Normandy".  He was married for a second time in 935 to Luitgarda of Vermandois, a niece of his first wife Sprota.  In 939 William Longsword became involved in a conflict with Arnulf I of Flanders. He was killed on December 17, 942 by Arnulf's supporters in the course of a meeting to discuss the conflict. 

Statue of William "Longsword" in Falaise, France (right)

William Longsword statue in Falaise
Richard I "the Fearless" Duke of Normandy was was born in Fecamp, France in 933. Richard was the oldest son of William Longsword. He was still a boy when his father died in 942. Richard's mother was a Breton concubine bound to William Longsword by a Danish marriage.  After William died, Sprota became the wife of Esperling, a wealthy miller.  Normandy was seized by Louis IV of France and Richard subjected to confinement.  He succeeded in escaping his captors and regained Normandy.  He was responsible for introducing the feudal system into his dominion. Richards first wife, Emma of Paris who died in 962, the marriage produced no children.  Secondly, he married his mistress, Gunnor of Crêpon, to legitimatize their 8 children, the first being Richard II "the Good" Duke of Normandy.
Statue of Richard I "the Fearless" in Falaise France (right)
 
Richard the Fearless statue in Falaise
Richard II "the Good" Duke of Normandy was born 23 August 963 AD in Normandy, France.  He married Judith of Brittany, born 982 AD and died 1107,  daughter of Conan the Crooked, Duke of Brittany. Richard III, 5th Duke of Normandy was born of a mistress and was allegedly poisoned in 1028. Richard II and Judith had a son, Robert I, Duke of Normandy, born in Normandy, France. Richard II died 28 August 1027 in  Fecamp, Normandy, France.

Statue of Richard II "the Good " in Falaise, France (right)
Richard the Good

Robert I  "the Devil" Duke of Normandy
was born circa 999 AD in Normandy, France.  
Sometimes, he is referred to as Robert II, as Rollo or Rolf "the Ganger" was baptized "Robert (I)" in the year 911.  Robert was referred to as "the devil" due to accusations he may have been involved in "poisoning " his brother, Richard III.  Robert was first, Count of Hiémois after his father died; he became Duke of Normandy upon his brother's demise.   He had a mistress, Herleva "Arlette" de Falaise, a daughter of Fulbert de Falaise a tanner, and Doda.  When they were both twenty or younger she became pregnant with their first child, destined to be a son, William "the Conqueror" of Normandy. Although they had a long relationship, the gap in their social standing rendered marriage out of the question and Herleva was married off to one of Robert's vassals, Herluin, a knight. After he made his illegitimate son, William his heir, Duke Robert embarked on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem late in 1034 or, early in 1035 to expiate his sins.  He died about 3 July 1035 in Nicaea, Bihynia, Turkey, about 65 miles southeast of Constantinople. Robert "the Devil" was also also referred to as "Robert "the Magnificent".  Robert (I) or II was succeeded by his illegitimate son William, who was to go down in history as William I the Conqueror, King of England.
Statue of Robert "the Magnificent" or "the Devil" in Falaise, France (right)
Robert the Magnificent statue in Falaise, France

William I "the Conqueror" King of England
was born about  1028 and died 9 September 1087.  He married Matilda (Maud) in the Cathedral of Notre Dame of Eur., Normandy. Matilda (Maud) was a daughter of Baldwin V, born 1012 and died 1 September 1067 and Adele, born 1009, died 8 January 1079. Matilda (Maud) was born about 1031 and died 2 November 1083. Queen Matilda, was descended from Alfred the Great (but not through the main West Saxon Royal line: They had a son, Henry I, born about September 1068 in Selby, Yorkshire, England. So much has been written about William the Conqueror, we suggest the reader check any  good encyclopedia, history book about this era, or web pages concerning   this period.  William invaded England and won the battle of Hastings, and became the ruler of England.  The  "Doomsday Book," actually "Domesday" Book, the record of a British census and land survey of two parts, done  in 1085 and 1086, ordered by King William I "the Conqueror".

Portrait of  William "the Conqueror,"  King of England (right)
William I the Conqueror King of England
Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England the fourth son of William the Conqueror was born about September 1068 in Selby, Yorkshire, England, and died 1 December 1135 in At. Denis-le-Fermont, near Gisors.  Henry I  succeeded his elder brother William II (killed by an arrow in a hunting accident) as King of England in 1100 and defeated his brother, Robert Curthose, to become Duke of Normandy in 1106. On 11 November 1100 Henry married Edith of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland. Since Edith was also the niece of Edgar Atheling and the great-granddaughter of Edmund Ironside (the half-brother of Edward the Confessor) the marriage united the Norman line with the old English line of Kings. The marriage greatly displeased the Norman barons. As a concession to their sensibilities she changed her name to  Matilda (Edith) upon becoming Queen. The other side of the coin, was that Henry, because of his marriage, became more acceptable to the Anglo-Saxon populace.  Henry I was called "Beauclerc" for his scholarly interests, and also "Lion of Justice"  for refinements he brought about in the administrative and legislative machinery of his time.
Portrait of King Henry I  King of England (right)
King Henry I of England

Matilda (Maud)
daughter of King Henry I and Queen Edith Matilda, was born about 7 February 1102 and died 10 September 1187 in Abbey of Notre Dame des Preès, Ruen, France.  She was called
Empress Matilda, and also known as Matilda of England or Maud.  As a child, Matilda was betrothed to and later married Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, acquiring the title Empress. The couple had no known children. When widowed, she was married to Geoffrey Plantagenet de Anjou, 17 June 1126, with whom she had three sons, the eldest of whom became King Henry II  England.  Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England. However, the length of her effective rule was brief, just a few months in 1141. She was never crowned and failed to consolidate her rule (legally and politically). For this reason, she is normally excluded from lists of English monarchs;  her rival (and cousin) Stephen of Blois is listed as monarch for the period 1135-1154. Their rivalry for the throne led to years of unrest and civil war in England that have been called The Anarchy. She did secure her inheritance of the Duchy of Normandy through the military feats of her husband, Geoffrey, and campaigned copiously for her oldest son's inheritance, living to see him ascend the throne in 1154.
A scene with Matilda (Maud)  at Oxford (right)
For more on this line go to Plantagenet and Anjou
Empress Matilda
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Copyright © 1997 - 2011 L. Neale Clifton

Sources:
Guttenberg sources
thePeerage.com
Wikipedia.com
Englishmonarchs.co.uk
Ancestry.com
other internet sites

Modified 20 October 2011