Plantagenet - Clifton's Collectibles Genealogy

Britain FlagGeiffrey Anganou Coat of ArmsPlantagenetEngland Coat of Arms 0 PlantagenetEngland Flag

Continuing the Counts of Anjou - from counts to Kings of England

Geoffrey III "the Bearded," Count of Anjou: The son of Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Fulk III of Anjou, and Geoffrey, Count of Gâtinais was born after 1035. When his uncle,  Geoffrey II Martel, Count of Anjou died without issue the line continued through Emengarde and Geoffrey, Count of Gâtinais. When Geoffrey III succeeded his uncle he became the first of the House of Plantagenet. Disputes with the church resulted in his deposition and imprisonment, but he was freed on the orders of Pope Urban II.

Anjou Flag

Fulk IV "Rechin" Count of Anjou was born about 1043 and died 14 April 1109. Fulk (Foulques), a son of  Ermengarde of Anjou, and Geoffrey, Count of Gâtinais, fought against and imprisoned his elder brother Geoffrey III for possession of the Angevin domains.  He married Bertrada de Montfort.  They had two sons, Geoffrey IV the Hammer 1098-1106 and  Falk V of Anjou, born in Angers in 1109. 

Fulk IV

Geoffrey IV the Hammer was a co-ruler of Anjou ( 1098-1106 ) with his father Fulk IV. He was assassinated in 1106, possibly at the instigation of his father.


Fulk V of Anjou "the Younger," Count of Anjou The son of Fulk IV of Anjou and Bertrade de Montfort, Fulk V reincorporated Maine into Anjou by marriage in 1109. Through his marriage to Melisende, daughter of Baldwin II of Jerusalem, he was appointed King of Jerusalem in 1131.  He married Eremburga of La Flèche about 1112. The couple had a boy 23 August 1113 Geoffrey.  Geoffrey "the Fair" of Anjou. Fulk was killed in a hunting accident at Acre in 1143.

Fulk Five of Jerusalem (statue)

Geoffrey "the Fair" Count of Anjou and Maine was born 24 August 1113 in Anjou, France a son of Fulk V  d' Anjou and Eremburga de la Fleche, Countess of Maine. He was also known as Geoffrey of Anjou.  He gained the title of 10th Comte d'Anjou in 1129  He succeeded to the title of 12th Duc de Normandie on 19 January 1144  He gained the title of Comte de Maine.   Geoffrey acquired the name Plantagenet due to his habit of wearing a sprig of broom shrub in his helmet. He married  Matilda (Maud) 'the Empress' of England, daughter of Henry I, 'Beauclerc' King of England, and Edith of Scotlandon 22 May 1128 in La Mans Cathedral, La Mans, Anjou, France at the age of  about fifteen. He was also reported to have been married on 20 May 1127.  He was described as handsome and red haired; his marriage to a woman more than eleven years his senior, disclosed as stormy. After all,  Matilda had already been married, in fact to another Henry; Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor.  How well would a red haired teen-ager be able to get along with an "Empress"?  Since Matilda, was the daughter and eventual heiress of Henry I of England,  she claimed England and Normandy. When the throne of England was seized by Matilda's cousin, Stephen, Geoffrey secured Normandy.  He abdicated as Duke of Normandy in 1150.  He died of a fever 7 September 1151 in Chateau, Eure-et-Loire, France, age, 38 years. He was buried at Le Mans Cathedral, Le Mans, France

Children of Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Comte d'Anjou and Maine and Matilda 'the Empress' of England: Emma Plantagenet b 1214, Henry II 'Curtmantle' d'Anjou, King of England (see below), b. 5 Mar 1133, d. 6 July 1189, Geoffrey VI d'Anjou, Comte d'Anjou et Nantes b. 1 Jun 1134, d. 26 Jul 1158, William de Poitou, Comte de Poitou b. c Jul 1136, d. 30 Jan 1164

Geffrey the Fair
Matilda, daughter of King Henry I

Henry II 'Curtmantle' d'Anjou, King of England was born on 5 March 1133 at Le Mans, France. He was the son of Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Count de Anjou and Maine and Matilda 'the Empress' of England. He married daughter of Eleanor, Duchess de Aquitaine, Guillaume X, Duke de Aquitaine and Eleanor Châtellérault de Rochefoucauld, on 18 May 1152 at Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, Dauphine, France.  He was also reported to have been married on 14 May 1152.  He died on 6 July 1189 at age 56 at Chinon Castle, Chinon, Berri, France, from a fever.  He was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud, France.  Henry II 'Curtmantle' d'Anjou, King of England  gained the titles of Comte de Maine in 1151 and Comte de Touraine in 1151. He succeeded to the title of 11th Comte d'Anjou on 7 September 1151.  He succeeded to the title of 13th Duke de Normandy on 7 September 1151.  As a result of his marriage, Henry II 'Curtmantle' d'Anjou, King of England was styled as Duc d'Aquitaine on 18 May 1152.  He succeeded to the title of King Henry II of England on 25 October 1154.  He was crowned King of England on 19 December 1154 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and also assumed, 'Rex Angliae, Dux Normanniae et Aquitainaie et Comes Andegavaie.'

He was the First of the Angevin kings. He was a powerful thickset, red-haired, freckled man. The name 'Plantagenet' is derived from his emblem, the broom shrub, which bears the botanical name Planta Genesta later corrupted to Plantagenet. He spent much of his reign in France but did not neglect matters at home, carrying out important improvements in the legal system including widespread use of juries, and he did his best to ensure that justice was fair to all. He appointed his close friend Thomas Becket as Archbishop of Canterbury but once installed, Becket continually opposed him, particularly regarding the necessary reformation of the ecclesiastical courts. The King had the Pope's backing and he called a meeting of the Great Council at Clarendon after which the Constitutions of Clarendon were issued. Shortly after, Becket fled the country. He returned in 1170 but promptly fell out with King. Henry was furious and cried out 'Who will avenge me of this turbulent priest!'. Four knights who heard him mistook Henry's meaning and immediately rode off to Canterbury and on Tuesday, 29 December 1170 murdered Becket in the Cathedral.

More about Henry II and his family
King Henry II Plantagenet
King Henry II
Royal Abbey FontevreaudKing Henry II entombed at  Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud, FranceKing Henry II in Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud, France
Henry II was a prolific man.  He had many children and his history is well covered in many places.  For our immediate  purposes, we are interested in two sons, one born of King Henry II de Anjou  and Eleanor, Duchess de Aquitaine,  see: John I 'Lackland', King of England, b. 24 Dec 1167.   The other son was born of  King Henry II de Anjou  and Countess Ida  Toesny. The son was born 1175-76 and was named William de Longespée, Earl of Salisbury .  Please see de Longespée for more information.  Also, please reference Normandy for a link to the line.
Coat of arms of William de Longespee, Earl of Salisbury

Other Plantagenets include such stalwarts as King Richard the Lionheart. 

Please see: John I 'Lackland', King of England and  de Longespée

Neale Clifton

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Sources:
Guttenberg sources
thePeerage.com
Wikipedia.com
Englishmonarchs.co.uk
Ancestry.com
other internet sites


Copyright © L. Neale Clifton 1997 - 2011






Modified 29 October 2011