King's Mountain- Clifton's Collectibles Genealogy

American Revolutionary War

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King's Mountain

 

Battle of King's Mountain, South Carolina

Battle of King's Moutain By Robert Wilson, Copywrited by Daniel Sparks
Battle of King's Mountain, By Robert Wilson, Copywrited by Daniel Sparks
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EDMONDSON, ROBERT SR., Lieutenant, Virginia:: Among  those of the Edmonsons slain at King's Mountain was Lieut. Robert Edmondson, Senior. Robert Junior was wounded in this battle. They were of Scotch-Irish descent and near kinsmen. It was the custom in those days when two people had the same name to call one senior and the younger one junior even though they  may not have been father and son.

 Both were in the  battle of Long Island Flats of the Holston, July 20, 1776. When some of the men retreated, young Robert among them, the elder Robert Edmondson interposed and brought part of the number in line, his young kinsman among them. The elder Edmondson chided the younger for having used profane language during the engagement, for which he was bound to report to the young man's father. Junior retorted, "you too, did the very same thing when the men were on flight."  This accusation shocked the good man who was a strong Presbyterian and he said this charge would be an additional matter to report to the young man's father.  Whereupon a bystander mildly said, " It is true, I heard you."  The old soldier who had unconsciously used rough language under high excitement, now held his peace.  

He was a good soldier and was reported to have killed three Indians at the Island Flat Battle. He served on Christian's Cherokee expedition in the fall of 1776; was engaged in frontier defense as a Lieut. in 1777-78 and on Evan Shelby's Chickamauga Expedition in 1779.
 He died at King's Mountain in October 1780, Draper's , HEROES OF KING'S MOUNTAIN. Information verbatim from, HISTORICAL INFORMATION RELATING TO THE EDMONDSON (EDMISTON) FAMILY IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, VIRGINIA & THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, by Redmond S. Cole.

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EDMONDSON, William, Major, Virginia: Son of Thomas and Mary Campbell Edmondson, was born in Cecil County, Maryland.  In  1784 when he reached his manhood he married Nancy Montgomery and moved to Augusta County, Virginia (now Washington County) and settled on the Holston River.  He early engaged in the old French and Indian Wars.

Learning of Col. Byrd's expedition down the Holston destined against the Cherokees in 1760, William Edmiston and brother Samuel decided to enlist so as to give them an opportunity to examine the lands of the Holston country with a view to future settlement.

William Edmondson was guilty of the high crime of addressing an officer without taking off his hat, as required of all soldiers, for which he was severely rebuked and threatened with punishment. Reaching his comrades with great wrath, Edmiston loaded his gun (rifle) and swore he would shoot the officer who so grossly insulted him; and it was with difficulty that his brothers dissuaded him from it.  One of the officers who knew Edmiston, wrote to Gov. Faquier that there was a high spirited soldier in his corps who unless commissioned, was likely to get into trouble.  On the first of August in that year the Governor sent him an ensign's commission to serve on that expedition and in 1763 the Governor sent Edmiston a commission for Lieutenant in the militia.

 After the French and Indian Wars he was given a tract of land amounting to 3,000 acres in Washington County for outstanding services to the King.  In 1776 he was made a Captain and served on the campaign against the Cherokees that year.  In 1777 he was appointed a Justice and failed only a few votes of an election to the House of Delegates. In 1780 he was promoted to Major serving against the Tories on New River then joined Col. Wm. Campbell at the Battle of King's Mountain.  He was advanced to Lt. Col. in 1781 and in 1783 to full Colonel.  During 1781 and 1782 he was much in service protecting the frontiers.

In White's, THE KING'S MOUNTAIN MEN, page 170, he says, "Edmondson" Eight of this name were at King's Mountain. Three were killed and one wounded, all being officers under Campbell.  These four were Capt. William, Robert Sr.,  and Andrew killed, and Lt. Robert, Jr. wounded. The other four were Major William, and privates John, Samuel and William."  The victory of the forces of Campbell called  the "Over the Mountain Men" was not expected because they were facing superior forces under General Cornwallis but this victory is considered by most historians as being the real turning point of the Revolutionary War.

Draper's History of King's Mountain Heroes states that Major William Edmondson married twice, first to Nancy Montgomery and the second time to Agnes Kennedy and by the two marriages had fifteen children.

Major Edmiston was one of the leaders of Fincastle County comprising the Holston settlement who sent the calm and patriotic address to the Continental Congress. The noble declarations contained in this message of W. Campbell and his associates were proclaimed three months before the first clang of arms in Lexington, four before the patriotic resolves of the people  of Mecklenburg County in North Carolina and nearly eighteen months before the immortal Declaration of Independence.  These sentiments formed the key-note of their patriotic efforts though out the Revolution, and they never flagged a moment while life lasted till their liberties were secured. (Draper).

Major William Edmondson lived to a good old age, dying July 13, 1822., in his eighty ninth year.  He was six feet two inches tall, possessed a vigorous mind; was bold, manly, openhearted and generous.  His attachments were strong and his hatreds were bitter.  At one time he served as Sheriff of the County and for years presided with great dignity over the County Court.  Judge Estil, who knew him well, declared that, "few more gallant, useful and honorable men than Colonel Edmondson lived in any country."
Information verbatim from, HISTORICAL INFORMATION RELATING TO THE EDMONDSON (EDMISTON) FAMILY IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, VIRGINIA & THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, by Redmond S. Cole.  Please note: "Ednondson "and "Edmiston" seemed to be interchangeable in this discourse. Amd so it seems it was interchangeble thoughout the research about this family.
 
 Please note: Most of the information on our pages about the events leading up to this important incident and including participants in the Battle of King's Mountain, are available from many sources. We  wish to include credit  for information obtained from the records of Redmond Selectmon Cole, who did so much work on families Neale has in common with him.  We also want to thank his grand daughter, Mary Rhodes, for giving us permission to use his information as a source.

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yright L. Neale Clifton 1997-2011
Edited 9 December 2011